Skin care includes both sun protection, moisturizing and exfoliation. Before choosing a suitable exfoliation, we must keep in mind that exfoliation is of two types: chemical and mechanical.
When it comes to physical or mechanical exfoliation, we are talking about the use of abrasive surfaces to remove dead cells as opposed to chemical exfoliation which involves the use of acids.
Regardless of the option, both types of exfoliation are chosen according to the type of skin we have.
When not to use exfoliation?
Acne-prone and irritated skin should only be exfoliated under the supervision of a specialist, so that the skin does not suffer acne damage or even a worsening of it.
Before and after exposure to the sun, the skin is sensitive, and over-aggressive exfoliation can leave you with scars or spots.
Multiple exfoliants used simultaneously, and especially the combination of physical and chemical exfoliation should be avoided to avoid damage to the skin.
Which exfoliator you use depending on your skin type?
First let’s find out what are BHA and AHA acids used in chemical exfoliation. AHA and BHA are acids that exfoliate the skin. The AHA acids are best for dry skin and surface-level skin concerns like acne scars, while BHA acids are best for oily and acne-prone skin types.
If you have mixed skin type, before combining both types of acids, it is best to ask a specialist to avoid putting your skin at risk.
Greasy – use a BHA that will help clean pores and remove excess sebum
Mixt skin – in the oily area a BHA and on the dry area an AHA
Normal – use a face scrub with AHA, especially glycolic acid ( a substance that chemically exfoliates the skin by dissolving dead skin cells and oils.)
Dry – AHA (especially an AHA with lactic acid which is milder)
Can scrubs be used on all skin types? Yes! Scrubs can be used on all skin types as long as they are applied gently, on damp skin and in circular motions.
How often is exfoliation necessary?
Although every skin type is different and has different needs, you can follow our recommendations:
For oily and combination skin using an exfoliator twice a week is enough. For dry, sensitive or normal skin, only one exfoliator is needed. (once a week)
If you choose to do a chemical peel, it is best to do it in the evening, after cleansing your skin. Moisturising and using an SPF after chemical peels is very important.
If you prefer a mechanical exfoliation, it can be done in the morning to remove impurities accumulated during the night. At the same time, a morning exfoliation, helps your skin to become soft before applying make-up.