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What is acne and how to treat it?
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What is acne and how to treat it?

What is acne and how to treat it?

Acne is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that causes whiteheads, blackheads and pimples, especially on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest and arms. These areas are affected most due to the amount of sebaceous glands.

The oil-producing glands or sebaceous glands are stimulated by male hormones produced by the adrenal glands in both men and women. The inflammatory condition is caused by the sebaceous follicle, which clogs the pores of the skin with sebum, promoting the appearance of bacteria.

Blocked pores make it hard or impossible for the skin to eliminate toxins produced by the sebaceous glands and bacteria multiply deep within the skin. Inflammation is the body’s natural process in response to microbes and bacteria.

What are the main causes of acne?

  • Excessive sebum production, especially near the hair follicles: When excess sebum is produced, bacteria (Propionibacterium acnes) in the skin becomes more aggressive and causes inflammation.

  • Genetic predisposition

  • Unusual hormonal activity in the body. Androgenic hormones – testosterone, dihydroepiandrosterone and androstenedione secreted in excess in the adrenal glands,  adipose tissue or ovaries

  • Using inappropriate cosmetics

  • Diet, stress, UV rays, perspiration, damp environment or tight clothing can trigger or maintain acne

The most common forms of acne

  • Acne in adults/especially women – also known as acne rosacea – It appears as a redness of the skin, pimples or irritation on the nose, cheekbones, chin and forehead, in people over 30.

  • Juvenile acne – during puberty, due to the secretion of androgenic hormones, especially boys.

  • Neonatal acne – occurs due to maternal hormones. (acne that disappears by itself)

  • Childhood acne – occurs due to a hormonal crisis and may herald a more severe form of acne.

What treatments are available?

The type of acne treatment you must follow is based on the severity of acne and the dermatologist’s recommendations. The acne can be mild (papules, pustules, usually whiteheads and blackheads), moderate or severe (painful with nodules or cysts, and large papules and pustules).

  • Laser treatment for acne: IPL treatment works like a vacuum by removing excess oil and dead skin cells that clog pores, unblocking them and also stimulating skin regeneration. Laser acne treatment follows two important processes: decreasing the secretion of sebum and removing sebum retention.

  • Antibiotics: usually used in mild or severe types, they have antimicrobial properties as well as anti-inflammatory ones. Antibiotic medications come in various forms including solutions, pills, lotions, gels or ointments. Our skin care specialist in Englewood, Colorado can choose the best type of antibiotic for your skin type and personal lifestyle.

  • Retinoids, Azelaic acid and salicylic acid or Dapsone: Retinoids are often used to treat moderate acne. Anti-acne treatments like retinoids, antibiotics, benzoyl peroxide or azelaic acid only become active when applied to the skin and must be maintained for at least 8 weeks, before seeing results.

So if you’re ready to rejuvenate your appearance, contact us to schedule an appointment at our office in Englewood, Colorado.

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